13 Ottobre 2023

5 spunti per approfondire (41/2023)


La rubrica settimanale con i consigli di lettura di RivistaEnergia.it, dall’Europa e dal mondo. Forse non le notizie più eclatanti, ma proprio per questo interessanti da approfondire. Settimana 41/2023

“The US has imposed sanctions on two companies shipping Russian oil, in its first enforcement of measures designed to choke off revenues to the Kremlin as continues its full-scale invasion of Ukraine. The US Treasury department on Thursday said the two companies, based in the United Arab Emirates and Turkey, had used US-based shipping services while carrying Russian crude bought at a price greater than $60 per barrel, violating the oil price cap G7 countries imposed on Moscow last year. The enforcement measures come amid G7 countries’ broader effort to restrict the flow of petrodollars to Russian president Vladimir Putin’s war chest. The group issued a statement on Thursday outlining the “risks of violating” the price cap rules.”

US sanctions two oil tanker owners for violating Russian price cap
Articolo – Financial Times

“Russian natural gas producer Novatek’s latest liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, Murmansk LNG, received priority approval from the Kremlin yesterday. President Putin instructed lawmakers to include the project in the planned liberalization of LNG exports. The initiative to liberalize the industry originated with Novatek’s Chair Leonid Mikhelson earlier this summer. The opening of the sector will remove mentions of specific license areas, broadening Novatek’s ability to export LNG. “The Ministry of Energy and the government support the amendments to the bill. We believe that Murmansk LNG is a strategic project. It was considered at a meeting with the president twice. We have an instruction to add it to the strategy – this will be a strategic project. There is an instruction from the president to speed up the consideration of the federal law, which gives the right to export LNG,” explained Energy Minister Nikolai Shulginov following the meeting. The law is now expected to enter into effect in November clearing the way for Novatek’s Murmansk  project.”

Putin Green-lights Novatek’s Massive Murmansk LNG Project
Articolo – High North News

“Solar developers, environmentalists, farming groups and tribal organizations said on Thursday that they had reached an agreement that could make it easier in the United States to build large solar farms, which have attracted stiff opposition in some places. The agreement seeks to address some thorny land-use and biodiversity issues that often stymie power projects in which developers propose installing large arrays of solar panels. The deal is the result of months of discussions organized by the Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment, the Solar Energy Industries Association and the Nature Conservancy. Various groups have opposed large solar projects, arguing that they take up land that is sacred to tribes or is home to threatened plants or animals. Some people have also opposed solar farms for aesthetic reasons, arguing that they ruin their view or the pastoral nature of their communities.”

Energy Firms, Green Groups and Others Reach Deal on Solar Farms
Articolo – The New York Times

“In a time where climate action is urgent, there are debates how China’s “eco-authoritarianism” can move climate and environmental policies faster than in liberal democracies. Although eco-authoritarianism has some benefits, it is no “green bullet” as divisions between China’s central and local governments and a lack of civic participation can slow or derail some climate and pollution policies.In its 2021 National Intelligence Estimate, the Biden-Harris administration contended that climate change will increasingly heighten instability and influence US strategic interests, including its competition with China. The administration argued how the transparency and consensus building at the center of democratic governance produce effective environmental regulations that are well enforced. It’s a concept similar to former US Vice President Al Gore’s argument that “an essential prerequisite for saving the environment is the spread of democratic government to more nations of the world.””

Can China’s Eco-Authoritarianism Lead Global Climate Action?
Analisi – New Security Beat

“Floating offshore wind (FOW) has the potential to play a key role in many states’ decarbonization policies going forward. The reason is that the majority of the world’s wind energy potential is located offshore at depths where deployment of conventional bottom-fixed offshore wind turbines is not economically profitable. To realize FOW’s potential as a key decarbonization technology policy makers and legislators must design legal frameworks that properly address the three main barriers to efficient deployment: (a) spatial competition, (b) need for state financing and (c) allocation of grid connection responsibilities. This article analyses and compares Norway, France and the United Kingdom’s regulation of the three main barriers to efficient FOW deployment with respect of their ability to ensure efficient realisation. The article concludes with best practices and recommendation to policy makers and legislators on how to regulate the three main barriers to accomplish efficient FOW deployment.”

Efficient floating offshore wind realization: A comparative legal analysis of France, Norway and the United Kingdom
Ricerca – Energy Policy

della stessa rubrica

5 spunti per approfondire (40/2023), 6 ottobre
5 spunti per approfondire (39/2023), 29 settembre
5 spunti per approfondire (38/2023), 22 settembre

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